A Q&A with David Saks
For Release: March 6, 2019 Originally posted at the University
of Memphis https://www.memphis.edu/wumr/features/feature_qandawithsaks.php
For more information, visit: David Saks's Profile
What years did you attend the U of M?
I began as a volunteer at The University of Memphis' (former known
as Memphis State University) campus radio station, WTGR (TGR for Tiger Radio) in 1969 just prior to
the beginning of my senior year in high school.
My first classes at Memphis State University
were in the summer of 1970. I was a music major.
My elected minor was psychology and I
worked as an assistant in the psychology labs along with Dr. Middleton, Lupfer, Kenny, and others.
I've had the privilege to do some research with Dr. Joseph Krisak. I was enrolled from 1970 until
I left for the Middle East in 1974 to serve in Israel with students from throughout the world.
I lived in the Middle East in Haifa, Tel Aviv, Jerusalem, Bethlehem and the Jordanian
/ Israeli border as an American volunteer in 1974. I spent a couple of months in Scotland and
How did you get your start in radio?
Radio and the associative technological aspect of it has always fascinated me.
I began as a shortwave
listener at the age of six and had one of the first callsigns for my hobby radio station issued by
Popular Electronics to their readers in the early 1960's. WPE4IVK (the "PE" in the prefix
stood for Popular Electronics).
I started experimenting as a seven year old child by placing two
tube receivers together, given to me by my great grandmother, and I listened for heterodynes, a method
of combining a radio frequency wave with a locally generated wave of a different frequency to produce
a new frequency equal to the sum or the difference between the two from spurious local
emissions generated by each receiver. After combining radio frequency waves with locally
generated waves of a different frequency produced by the faint emissions of the adjacent receiver,
I could produce new frequencies equal to the sum or difference between the combined frequencies. The
adjacent differing tuning capacitors and the emissions from them served as a window to an emission
form known as single side band with the harmonics generated from the chassis of each receiver. When
I discovered heterodyning from the local oscillations of the two receivers it opened the world of
Morse code and amateur radio to me. I had created what would be known as a crude beat frequency oscillator
with the two receivers.
I was an Explorer Scout with emphasis on amateur
radio as a young teenager. I began receiving Morse code training from the Navy at the age of thirteen
in a special class for Scouts in 1965 located at the Naval Reserve Facility on Avery Road in Memphis.
I was awarded a merit badge by the Chickasaw Council of The Boy Scouts of America
for being the fastest code receiver in my class. They clocked me at over thirty words a minute
before my fourteenth birthday. It helped being a musician because timing is everything with Morse
code. My amateur radio license, WK2B, is still active and I'm licensed as "Extra Class"
with the Federal Communications Commission,
I've had the privilege and honor of serving as a civilian
trustee for the Millington Naval Air Stations' Amateur Radio Station, W4ODR, and flown with general
aviation pilots from the Naval Air Station flight club.
I've completed three
years of ROTC and served as a lieutenant in the Civil Air Patrol. I attended their Leadership Training
Academy in the late 1970's.
Can you talk a little
about the early days of WUMR/WTGR and how different things are now?
WTGR was the beginning of college radio for me.
We were a ten watt radio station when I arrived in 1969 to work with Richard Hiller,
our engineer, faculty members Dr. David Yellin, Dr. Marvin Bensman, and others long before Dr. Richard
Ranta arrived to supervise what would become a jazz station. I was still a senior in high school when
You had to park your car under the window of the radio station to hear the show back
then. If you lived on the campus, then we used a transmission principle known as "carrier
current," a method of low power AM radio transmission that uses AC electrical wiring
to propagate an AM signal to a small area such as a college dormitory. You could plug your table
top radio into any wall receptacle on the campus and hear the station clearly.
It all changed when our
station license was approved by the Federal Communications Commission which included an effective
radiating power increase.
We were an all-album station in 1969 which meant that you could play an
album in its entirety rather than just a selected cut here and there from the vinyl.
broadcast equipment was quite primitive by today's standards and consisted of early analog equipment,
circuits and devices having an output proportional to its input as opposed to the digital technology
we have today which, simply put, is a circuit or device representing magnitudes in digits. The fundamental
difference between the analog and today's digital signal is that an analog signal is represented by
sine waves, a wave whose waveform resembles a sine curve, or the ratio of the opposite
side to the hypotenuse of a right-angled triangle, whereas, the digital signal is represented
by a square wave which we all know to be a plane rectangle with four equal sides and four right angles.
In digital technology, the analog wave is sampled at some interval, and then turned into numbers that
are stored in the digital device. On a CD, the sampling rate is 44,000 samples per second. On a CD,
there are 44,000 numbers stored per second of music. This is what we hear today, and even better than
Students received academic credit for participating. Not so today.
I hope that will change for our scholars.
type of jazz do you play on your WUMR show? Whats your favorite music genre?
I play music from the period
between bebop and the 1960s' and focus on music that blends jazz elements with other musical styles,
such as funk, soul, electronic dance music, and free improvisation. Bebop is a favorite with it's
fast tempo, instrumental virtuosity, improvisation and interesting harmonic structure that focuses
on the melody.
Jazz fusion is popular and combines elements of jazz and rock with it's electronic
instruments and long, creative solos. Latin jazz is always in the mix and draws heavily
on salsa and merengue influences with its heavy use of percussion, congas, timbales,
bongos, and more. The big bands of the 40's and swing are a hit.
There's so much in the jazz spectrum that
I love, but when it comes to my favorite musical style its stride piano.
Stride is nearly
a lost art form and very difficult to master. The greatest of the stride pianists played in a wide
range of highly rhythmic tempos with great emphasis on improvisation. Stride is fantastic!
What other stations have you worked at?
I assisted with the construction of WLYX, Southwestern at Memphis, now Rhodes College, in 1971 along
with station manager George McClintock and Mrs. Betty Ruffin from CBC. WLYX was destroyed by a construction
accident in 1991. I was the last person on the air the day it occurred. An earth mover plowing the
field near the transmitter shack ran over the transmission line and destroyed the transmitter.
CBC and WREC radio, 600AM, donated much of the equipment to Southwestern. As Christian
Brothers is focused on engineering, there were plenty of enthusiastic electrical engineering
students and amateur radio operators ready to lend a hand and equipment.
Christian Brothers College, now Christian
Brothers University, operated WCBC at that time on the AM bands. I filled in during the weekends in
addition to my other air shift responsibilities. WCBC's antenna was a satellite tower for the Military
Affiliate Radio Station known as MARS, passing "good and welfare" traffic to combat soldiers
in Viet Nam and elsewhere. I had my amateur radio license at that time, as I still
do, and I'm licensed to pass traffic with MARS.
I was employed by WKNO-FM from January
1972 until January 1974 at which time I volunteered to work in Israel and the middle east for a year
with other students. WKNO's now retired chief engineer, Pat Lane, is one of my oldest pals.
I assisted with the construction of WEVL with engineers Jim Maxwell and Doug Hirsch
in 1976, its first year of operation. WEVL was located in an old house on Court Avenue at the time.
WEVL's present location is in an old building in the 500 block of South Main Street that once belonged
to my relatives.
I served Rock 103 from 2002 until 2004. I was part of the Wake Up Crew with Tim
Spencer, Bev Hart and the late, great John "Bad Dog" McCormack. I had been a frequent guest
on their program for several years prior to being invited to become a regular part
of the show. In addition to the great fun of working there, we had a serious mission. The
Wake Up Crew raised millions of dollars for local charities. The most important aspect of radio is
its power to do that which is good for our city, our neighbors and the well-being of all. That was
What musical instrument do you play?
I'm a pianist.
As musician and composer, two of my songs, "In Memphis" and "One
Last Bridge", were adopted by the Memphis City Council as "Official Songs of Memphis"
in 1990 and 1991.
My music manuscripts and works for piano "Impressions of Memphis" are
in the Library of Congress.
you still working in real estate and addressing fair housing and predatory lending?
I retired my broker's
license in 2015.
I served the Fair Housing Committee for the Memphis Area Association of Realtors.
two decades of my life to researching real estate fraud, predatory lending and fair housing.
I researched and reported on real estate fraud for several years for the real estate
Discuss a little about your stamp collecting and
how you came to be honored with the first officially cancelled Elvis Presley first-day cover.
I began collecting stamps when I was five years old. My grandfather had lived in Pretoria, Johannesburg
and Durban, South Africa. When he arrived in Memphis, in the very early twentieth century, he still
had relatives in South Africa that corresponded with him. I was fascinated by the flora and fauna,
the ships and landscape on the stamps on the envelopes. He removed the stamps from the envelopes and
gave them to me to study. It was a way for me to learn about the world as a child.
chapter ambassador to the American Philatelic Society for the Memphis Stamp Collectors Society. I've
been a member of the American Philatelic Society for three decades. I'm the philatelic crossword puzzle
author for Linn's Stamp Weekly magazine and create the philatelic-themed crosswords monthly.
As for the Elvis Presley first day of issue cover, I was the first in line to have
my envelope cancelled by Graceland. It was a magical evening and the greatest event in the history
of stamp collecting!
I have two letters from Graceland recognizing the January 8, 1993 Elvis Presley
stamp-adorned envelope as the "First to be cancelled by Graceland."
envelope is signed by dignitaries who attended the event including Priscilla Presley.
The temperature on Graceland Plaza was
around 30 to 35 degrees with light drizzle from sundown on that day. No one cared about the bad weather.
Something seemed to say that Memphis was awaiting a grand arrival. Elvis couldn't have gotten a finer
reception from his hometown. While the bands were playing and the dignitaries were
making their speeches and presentations, the crowds grew. Nobody appeared to be impatient.
This was a real family show that special evening and the cast of characters was one of which everyone
in attendance could have been proud of.
At every corner of Graceland Plaza, cables twisted and turned,
microwave dishes towered over the heads of the crowds, and nervous production crews checked their
lists to make sure that everything had consistency and coherence with clockwork precision.
This would be the grandest event of the year for Memphis and the grandest event for
stamp collecting ever seen. To say that something like the Elvis stamp event will never occur in
my lifetime again would be safe.
Memphis is my home and native soil. The music is the language of
many in my Tennessee town. The river flows through this town like a stream of notes from a guitar
on Beale Street. Two bridges span the muddy water like strings across the bridge of a piano.
That's my Memphis. And on that day, January 7, 1993, it was as though we were all
waiting for Elvis to come home. The rich, the poor, black and white, men, women and children, young
and old alike, all came to Memphis that day for Elvis.
Through the many busy hours we prepared for
this homecoming not fully realizing the impact it would have on the rest of the world, but at the
same curiously wondering if we would ever do this again.
The countdown to the
release of the stamp began on June 4, 1992 with the unveiling of the Elvis stamp design chosen by
his fans. The choice for the illustration had been made under the leadership of United States Postmaster
General Anthony Frank, who also signed the cover. Postmaster General Frank's tireless efforts to honor
Elvis should never be forgotten as Memphis remains grateful to him.
Plans were also
being made for Elvis' fifty eighth birthday celebration to coincide with the release of the stamp.
A gigantic cake with 58 candles on it had been created. A cake big enough to feed hundreds of fans
and stamp collectors! In the Graceland party room on the south side of the plaza local bakeries were
delivering truckloads of beautifully decorated birthday cakes with confection designs of the Elvis
stamp ready to be perforated by the chefs with their bakers' knives.
everywhere with streamers and other colorful decorations adorning the ceilings and walls. The months
of preparation and the hundreds of media hours were about to pay off in a big way.
the tent across the street from Graceland Mansion national media representatives from every corner
of North America readied the moment to pay homage to the King of Rock and Roll.
addition to our local friends, the English, the Irish, Scottish, the Germans, Austrians, Norwegians,
Russians, Australians, Canadians, Mexicans, Japanese, Israelis, Finns and South Africans made the
pilgrimage to Memphis with their stamp collectors to honor the greatest rock and roller in history.
There was certainly enough cake to go around and even some peanut butter and banana
sandwiches, Elvis' favorite snack.
The celebration went on well through the night and
into the wee hours of January 8, 1993 even after all the dignitaries had spoken and all the cake had
The lines around the postal station had grown very long, winding around Graceland
Plaza all night. Faithful Elvis fans patiently waited for their stamps which went on sale
at exactly 12:15 A.M. on the early morning of January 8, 1993 at the command of Graceland's executives.
I stood first in line and watched my first day cover fly through the cancellation
machine on command, when Governor Ned McWherter finished his address, making my Elvis stamp
the very first one to be canceled by the Graceland contract postal station. One Elvis stamp had been
removed from a full sheet of forty stamps about five minutes prior to midnight. I was dazzled by the
surrounding excitement and I recall the postal clerk asking me if I was going to pay her. I fidgeted
nervously for the twenty-nine-cent cost of the stamp and pulled a quarter and a nickel out of my pocket
and handed the change to the clerk. The clerk took a penny from her cash drawer and gave it to me.
Adrenaline was flowing while we waited for the order from Graceland executives Laura
Ferguson and Shelly Evans standing next to the cancellation machine. I handed Laura my
envelope with stamp on it. She placed it on the machine's tray and at that moment I realized my stamp
would be the first one to be postmarked by Graceland. The fireworks display stopped, and Shelly gave
the order for Laura to postmark my stamp.
Graceland honored me with two letters attesting the authenticity
of the stamp.
On August 12, 2015, I obtained the first Elvis Forever stamp at Graceland, as well.
Stamp collecting is the
greatest hobby in the world.